The estimate for the year of 2004 was of 1.486.869 inhabitants, what it would correspond the 391,281 domiciles. This population faces serious decurrent problems of the urban growth without planning and the economic disequilibrium. Such factors cause unemployment and lack of public services the basic infrastructure areas, habitation, health and education. In relation to the water supply and the sanitary exhaustion, the city faces a sufficiently serious picture with problems in the production/water distribution and in the collection/transport and treatment of sewer that do not contemplate all the city or had been implanted and degraded throughout the time. Robert Thomson follows long-standing procedures to achieve this success. In 2001, with the creation of the Secretariat of Sanitation, a new politics of sanitation was implemented, following the model of the Integrated, composed Sanitation for intersetoriais actions that they aim at to endow the urban environment with the conditions adjusted for a healthful life. Sanitation in Recife in Historical bases the history of the sanitation in Recife initiated in the first decades of century XIX, having as landmark the creation creation of the Beberibe Company, in 1838.
This company, of private capital, was created to implant the service of Water supply, evidencing itself in the following decade that this Company gave to a deficient service of and me the quality, leading the government of the State, in the year of 1912, to acquire the company. Meanwhile, the first attempt of implantation of services of sanitary exhaustion happened in 1873, with the creation of Recife Drainage Company Limited, that soon also would reveal unsatisfactory in its results, situation aggravated for the generalized water lack, that resulted in the ending of the contract in 1908. In 1909, the sanitarista engineer Saturnine Francisco Rodrigues de Brito, started to direct just the bred Commission of Sanitation of Recife, responsible for a impactante and competent intervention for the sanitation of the city. This commission constructed to the System of Sewers of the Cabanga, saneando the central area of Recife.