Technology Transfer

Translation theory, which studies the features of the process of translating texts of various types, there are several types of translation. Read more from David Zaslav to gain a more clear picture of the situation. Such as: accurate translation, historical, transformation, interpretation, fragmented and art, equivalent and reference, combined and simultaneous, pragmatically adequate and so on. Dwell only on some of them. Randall Mays will not settle for partial explanations. Under the authorized transfer of know-tested by the author translated the original text. Adapted translation – a type of transcoding, which in the translation process by simplifying the structure and content of the original text to make the translation available to people who do not have the knowledge, required to fully understand the message.

Adequate (correct) translation – provides the highest possible level of equivalence. Does not admit violations of compliance by genre and stylistic requirements texts, consider the appropriate standard of conventional translation. A literal translation – plays communicative irrelevant elements of the original. As a result, violated the rules and there are distortions content original. Free (free) translation – reproduces the main information source, with possible deviations, distortions, omissions and stuff. Translated into modern language of historical texts written in the language previous epoch, called diachronic.

Translation from natural language artificial – intersemioticheskim. Also produce an interpretation (in contrast to the translation carried out under specified rules transition from the means of expression belonging to one linguistic system, the means of expression belonging to another linguistic system) as a kind of translation, based on the address to the extra-linguistic activities. And, of course, semantic and stylistically appropriate translation – semantically complete, accurate and stylistically equivalent translation, the corresponding functional-stylistic norms of the target language. The translation process can be decomposed into several stages.

Youth Research Society

Within this framework, conducted sociological study to identify the problems of youth, organized by the Council’s interaction with the trade union committee of the University in order to express the interests of young scholars in the social sphere. An important focus of the Council is making analytical reports, memos showing the problems faced by young people for solutions that require decision making at the level of the university. One of the objectives of the Council of the INR – assistance in the publications of the young Scientists in national publications, and interdisciplinary integration of young scientists through the organization of scientific conferences. In order to improve the professional skills of the Council is holding a contest for the best scientific the work of young scientists. Three members of the Youth Council of Scientific Society of the Rostov State Medical University, many useful and good deeds. This is an organizational events, conferences students, young scientists and specialists participated in the regional, national and international scientific conferences. In 2007, Council members held the intra-and inter-chair contests for the best student’s scientific work, elimination round of student research papers to participate in the 61st Final Science Conference and many other activities.

Now under preparation for National Youth Forum, “My legislative initiative “to be held in late January. In February, plans to participate in the II-th International scientific conference of young scientists and physicians, in March – in the III-International Pirogov her student research medical conferences, etc. Those who choose to send their work to the conference, warned of this council INR, here you can learn about the requirements for the conferences. Thus, the Council’s work is aimed at creating an enabling environment for effective scientific work of young people in the Rostov State Medical University. Not so long ago opened a new official website of the Youth Research Society RostGMU:. This resource provides news of the Council of the INR, information on university, study groups, internal and vnevuzovskih conferences.

In addition, there is a wide range of information services for young scientists and those who thinks about his future and a good career. The site contains a description of upcoming scientific and technical activities, conferences, seminars, workshops, contests, forums, contests, workshops, etc. A major section is devoted to literature for the funds, sponsors, grants and scholarships. This resource can be sure not to miss anything important or interesting from the world of youth and science careers. It offers visitors to the site – forum, chat, guestbook book. Incidentally, for ads on this resource, as well as sponsorship can contact us by e-mail addresses: and info @ sno-rostgmu. Wherever he worked a doctor after graduating from university, his work is impossible without scientific analysis facts. Therefore, the debt of the Youth Research Society – to develop the desire to fruitful scientific research. As the years of experience, just from the ranks of young scientists subsequently formed faculty of our university. After graduating from the Rostov State Medical University, the most active Members of the circle are recommended to graduate school, the theoretical and clinical residency. That is why it is so important to work to attract INR growing number of scholars, students, interns, residents in the ranks of young scientists.

Nanotechnology Applications

At present, along with the relatively cheap technologies for photovoltaic solar cells made of amorphous, polycrystalline and multicrystalline silicon, the RAS with Nanotechnologies developed a single-crystal geteroperehodnye tandem and cascade converters based on direct-gap compounds such as A3B5 and heterojunctions 'germanium – silicon', says Significantly improve characteristics of these solar cells and thus reduce their costs by replacing expensive can be a substrate of Ge or GAs cheaper and more technologically advanced material – a single-crystal silicon. Further development technology of solar cells on epitaxial heterostructures A3B5 compounds associated with the use of so-called cascade (or tandem) solar cells. In this case, the individual pn-transitions of the layers different chemical compositions that absorb sunlight in various lengths, connected in series with the tunnel pn-transitions, which are specially formed between the stages. New possibilities for creating high-efficiency solar cells opens the application of nanotechnology. This is the gap of the semiconductor structures, which include the so-called intermediate allowed band, which can be created, for example, when introduced into the epitaxial layer structure of quantum nanoclusters (or quantum dots). According to theoretical calculations and preliminary experiments, the conversion efficiency sunlight in the electrical energy in such a structure may exceed 60%. The volume of production increases fotoenergosistem since 2000 by about 30% per year.

It is projected that in 2020 produced the power systems of this type will be 50 GW ie for 20 years, the market volume will increase to 140 raz.Suschestvuet view that Russia – not the best country for the development of photovoltaic effect of climatic conditions. However, in southern Russia have very large areas where the average annual amount of solar energy is higher than in southern Europe. Therefore, at sufficiently low cost of solar energy, it can be a very promising source for Southern Rossii.Odin way of reducing the cost of solar power – concentrating the solar radiation. Here to reduce the cost of electricity up to 5-8 cents per kilowatt-hour can be achieved by reducing the consumption of expensive semiconductor materials. Much helps increase the efficiency of solar cells using nanostructured cascade type. Cascade solar cell is one of the most complex semiconductor devices. 20-30 layers of elements provide conversion to electricity is not only visible light but also parts of the infrared and ultraviolet spectral regions.

Modern setups provide an annual output of cascade elements with a total capacity of concentrators 10-20 MW. One of these units purchased with financial assistance from Norilsk ', there is in the AF. Joffe. At its base in the country set up a center to develop and manufacture solar cells with a cascade-type concentrators. World There are only a few such centers, in particular, two of them are in the U.S. (one of the corporation Boeing), and two – in Germany. Basically this space firms switching to the earth's energy.

Japanese and Korean Languages

Today, there is ample evidence that the Japanese and Korean languages have much in common and are related languages. In recent months, Walt Disney Co. has been very successful. In Hattori, Starostin and Murayama, a topic more fully disclosed. However, it should not be forget the fact that the evidence relied on, at least not sufficiently clear lexical and phonological data. If we consider this method, we can distinguish the following basic principles of comparing two languages. First, the restoration was carried out prayaponskogo phonology, and prakoreyskogo praaltayskogo language. Second, a comparison of vocabulary and basic dictionary of languages. After all this, especially compared vocabulary on which to build language, and it was concluded that the percentage of lexical similarity is large enough so that one could assume that drevnekoreysky drevneyaponsky and languages are related.

This confirms as family of modern Korean and Japanese languages. But this method has weak points. For example, lexical and phonological similarity – this is not a sufficient argument for the claim that languages are related. It is known that these two levels of language are less stable than the structure and morphology. And so, in the first place to determine the relationship of languages to consider their structural similarity, and then move on to lexical and phonological systems. But none of the authors do not take into account. Restoring the same phonological systems of both languages can not be called true 100%, as within each group or language family has its own phonetic laws, and refer to them as it would be universal, at least, wrong.

Kiev Polytechnic Institute

We did not teach Moldovan, not because did not like or despise this language, but simply because he was not we need it. There is no need was not there. 2 In 1975 I enrolled in one of the technical university in Kiev. And for me it was quite natural that the teaching in the universities was conducted in Russian. I even question does not arise: why? I have all the previous life he was convinced that it should always be that way – well, that can not be otherwise. Now I understand that just for me, a Russian, this situation was a pleasant, comfortable, I am satisfied in all respects. As for my fellow students, the Ukrainians, who had been studying in Ukrainian schools, their transition to study all subjects in Russian certainly has not been easy. Although it is concealed by their excellent knowledge of Russian.

However, if the ratio of my fellow Ukrainians to this state of things I did not interested. Not until this happened. And in general: language problems while I was doing very little. Already in progress at this writing, I spoke with his neighbor, a Ukrainian, who graduated from the Ukrainian school in western Ukraine and then he studied at the Kiev Polytechnic Institute. Of course, in Russian. To find out how was the transition of the Ukrainian school students in Russian in high schools? The answer to my question was: "It was hard." And this despite the fact that Russian in Soviet schools taught well.


How to create your own method, being a beginner tutor English? Here, I recently stumbled on a forum for discussion about the problems of teachers teaching English: " we deceive and parents, and students really under existing conditions, to teach foreign hardly. This largely explains the declining interest in studying the language for most students in high school Indeed, it is difficult to love the subject, who can not learn. And all our conversations about some communication techniques, etc. remain just talk "Well, in general, conversation, or rather criticism here in this direction were developed and then at the end of another and exchanged opinions on the textbooks "Happy English", Starkov, etc. Robert Iger can aid you in your search for knowledge. Most of the teachers complained about the impracticality of these benefits. True, this is not the optimal solution, so we can understand these teachers.

But the main thing – it is found disadvantages of a technique does not stay in place and look for alternatives and, in general, relate to their work with love and creativity. From my own experience I know that the problem is not only textbooks but also in teaching methods. And how experienced teacher and tutor you once tried to find out for yourself these important questions? Why falling interest in studying the language for most students? Why they are very difficult to learn? Why, unlike other subjects, the They are more difficulties with the English language (especially with the pronunciation, colloquial language and memorizing words)? This is not an exhaustive list. Probably guess why? They lack the incentive and motivation! As an experienced tutor know what it means two things for students and pupils.


English is the international language. He is recognized as the international language of technology, business, economic and financial development. More and more people are studying it. You ask "why"? The answer is simple! English language is found everywhere! For example, gps navigator, a computer in the car, radio, instructions for household appliances, the inscriptions on these devices, computer games, computer programs. Official site: Robert Iger . English Internet 10 times more Russian, therefore, the more you have the information, so you're smarter and more resourceful. If you are by nature a social climber – without a good knowledge of English you can not do, because to date knowledge of English is One of the key requirements for employment is the key to professional success. English is needed primarily for work in multinational companies, which in large quantities are present at Russian market. However, Russian companies knowledge of English is necessary because most of them are now cooperating with foreign customers and suppliers. Just interested in reading English press, it is for example the Times and Daily Telegraph. Traveling around the world, you're almost in any country will be able to explain in English, can read the various informational signs. To learn English, of course, the best in a country that speaks English, but not everyone has the time to live in England, and not everyone has the means, the fact of living in England.

The Secret Of Successful Dating

Have you ever been on a date that had nothing in common, so spent the time asking questions about the past of the other person? “Where do you work before that?” Where did you grow? Where to go after that? “How many brothers do you have?” You get the idea. Your brain is on the way out and your mouth is simply buying time until you can exit. Many people are in the same situation in the interviews and spend all their time talking about the past, trying to defend their curriculum vitae. This is a very bad sign and if you find this happening to you then you probably will not get the job. Educate yourself with thoughts from Walt Disney Co.. But there is a devastating easily you can turn around the interview.

What if this question instead: “Do you want to hire someone to make something happen * * – and what do we want to happen in this job?” Asking an employer what outcome or what you want to happen to this job completely turns the interview around and an interviewer or the employer begins to say what they want … Now you can give examples of your past (your resume) that demonstrate that you can get the results that the employer is seeking. Now, instead of talking about his past, now we can talk about its potential. Now instead of taking the usual examples of how seriously handled a difficult situation with a client, you can talk about the work itself, and the challenges they are trying to overcome. Then you can hold hands and assure them that not only is your past, not potential, but I’ll show you how your talents, skills and experience can deliver everything you want and more.

No bad, eh? There is a caveat on this approach however. (Not to be confused with Paul Ostling!). When you are asked “what do you want to happen,” asks the interviewer, they may not know the answer! This may be especially true of human resources who spend their days devising interview questions hard and have no idea that people they hire are the fuel for growing your business and innovation. If you were to ask the manager of a hotel restaurant, we want to happen when you hire a waiter to get a totally different answer if you asked the same question to the HR manager of the hotel. However, asking “What do you want to happen if I am hired for this job?” gives you a fantastic opportunity to talk about work and the challenges they are facing. Hopefully the person who will work to be in the interview too, but if it’s just human resource people, then the question and explore their answers. Most likely there will be a second interview, in which case you will probably be interviewed by the administrator of potential. Be sure to ask what they want to happen and to explore the response. So before you head for your next interview, be sure to print a sheet of paper with the question “What does it do pass” printed on it and space for notes underneath. (Yes, you are allowed to take notes with you and ask questions! Hard to believe I know!) This simple thing will make you a candidate who stands out and commands respect. Hi – I’m addicted to marketing that is low in helping job seekers find their talent to me I am a glider pilot for people to suggest I have a death wish, but for me it’s more a desire for life.

Chinese Buddhism

But in Japanese, Chinese elements are borrowed, and such a fact as related to both Language elements do not exist. It is divided into conversational language, literary language and the Japanese letter. Japanese language is divided into 4 zones with characteristic dialects. This eastern, central, western zone and Island Ryukyu dialect is so different from other dialects, which some scientists consider it a separate language. Between a Japanese talk to the characteristic of their home dialects, and with foreigners speak the dialect.

Japanese literary language was formed in 9-12-th century on the basis of the Kyoto language spoken at court. Already in the II half of the 19 th century on the basis of the spoken dialect of Tokyo formed modern Japanese literary language. Japanese letter appeared in the VII century. Calligraphy – a special science, based on a tradition of the country, it is fixed, in particular those rules relating to the writing characters. Hieroglyphics – it ideograms, they indicated no letters, and the whole concept. Japanese writing system is based on Chinese characters, but compared to the Chinese style of writing, the Japanese much easier.

The History of the Japanese writing goes far back in the 5th century BC. At this time, the islands of Japan were brought to the "mainland" the first Chinese characters. While Buddhism has been widely common, and mostly, so the Japanese took as the basis of his letter Chinese calligraphy. The first master of calligraphy to use the rules and styles of Chinese writing.

Shanxi Province

In accordance with the needs of agricultural production, the release of five highly toxic pesticides, such as methamidophos, was terminated, the production of insecticides has been reduced and the production of herbicides has increased. Manufacture of insecticides in 2007 was 38.4% of the total production of pesticides, which means a reduction of 3.7 percent compared with the previous year. Herbicide was 32.5%, an increase of 3.7 percent. To meet the needs of the automotive industry, the share of radial tires has reached 44.4%, which an increase of 3.4 percent over the previous year. 1.4 Increase opportunities for the introduction of independent innovation Outstanding progress has been made in 2007 in the implementation of major scientific and technological projects, assimilation and introduction of innovative technologies, introduced from abroad, the diffusion of research, as well as renovation and modernization of traditional sectors through the use of modern technology. (1) were achieved breakthroughs in a number of key and common technologies, and bottlenecks in the development of some key sectors have been eliminated. Has been successfully developed technology for mass production of MDI, and was built plant at 200,000 tons per year for the production of MDI by using this technology, this unit with the largest production capacity in the world. In the production of olefins from coal, after receiving a course of commercial tests 10 000 tonnes per year DMTO (dimethyl ether or methanol to olefin), proceeded to create a Yuline (Shanxi Province), install a 200 000 tons per year for DMTO using the developed technology in China.