Criteria Requirements

The argument – a number of related are judgments that are expressed in order to convince the reader (listener) fidelity (true) thesis in terms of the positions. Judgement – a phrase or sentence which makes sense to ask: true or false? Case – Rationale for that conclusion is true or absolutely with any degree of probability. As the arguments used by the facts, references to authorities, obviously true judgments (laws, axioms, etc.), proof (direct, indirect, "contradiction", "method of exclusion"), etc. The list, which will result in the transfer of ideas, help you determine which of them need a special argument. Sources.

Theme essay tells you where to look for the right material. Usually use the library, Internet resources, dictionaries, reference books. The revision means the text editing with a focus on quality and efficiency. The text is composed of four main components: clarity of thought, intelligibility, literacy and accuracy. The idea – it's written content. It must be clearly and articulate ideas that you want to express, otherwise you will not be able to bring these ideas and information to others. Intelligibility – the accessibility of text for comprehension. The easiest way to achieve it can, using the logical and consistent way carefully chosen words, phrases and paragraphs interrelated, disclosure of the issue.

Literacy reflects adherence to grammar and spelling. If in doubt about something, look in the book, Manage in a dictionary or style guide to read or give written by a man whose style of writing you like. Correctness – a style of writing. Style to define the genre, structure, work objectives, which poses a writer, reader, to whom he appeals. Rating Essay Evaluation Criteria Essays can be transformed, depending on their particular form, with the general requirements for quality essays are judged on the following criteria: Criteria Requirements for student maximum number of points and Knowledge understanding of theoretical material. – Defines the concepts addressed clearly and completely, giving relevant examples – the concepts used strictly fit the theme – the independence of the job. 2 points and Analysis evaluation of information – correctly applies the categories of analysis – skillfully uses the techniques of comparison and synthesis for analyzing the relationship of the concepts and phenomena – can explain the alternative views on the matter under consideration and to reach a balanced conclusion – the range used by the information space (a student uses a large number of different sources of information) – rightly interprets text information with using graphs and charts – provides a personal assessment issue; 4 points Building judgments – the clarity and sharpness of presentation – structuring logic of evidence – argued, accompanied by a competent argument – are different points of view and their personal evaluation. – The general form of presentation of the results and their interpretation of the genre corresponds to the problem of a scientific article. 3 points of the design – the work meets the basic requirements for the design and use of quotations; – compliance with the lexical, idiomatic, grammatical, and stylistic norms of the Russian literary language – how the text in full compliance with the rules of Russian spelling and punctuation – compliance with formal requirements. Based on materials from HSE

Disadvantages Of Method Of Fire-resistance Rating Ognez

Since ancient times, wood structures were considered extremely flammable. Suffice it to recall the many fires that repeatedly destroy entire cities. That's why some people have started to abandon Wood in favor of buildings made of stone, brick and other combustible materials. However, to protect the wood from the fire people have started recently. The answer to the question, "and whether it is necessary to protect the wood from the fire?" Obvious. Of course it is necessary.

But this should be done soundly. And then there are questions. Joel and Ethan Coen may find it difficult to be quoted properly. For example, what it means to protect? Or it means "soundly"? Does any woodworking officially admitted to this means (ie, having the appropriate certification) and ways to really provide fire protection? On what basis is a measure of the quality factor of a two-minute fire protection fire effects? Why not five minutes, as in the method of OTM, or 10 minutes, as in GOST 30244-96 (method II). Questions can be multiplied indefinitely – it would wish. But it is impossible not to ask the big question: ognezaschischennaya wood – it's the same wood (T4, T3, T3, D2-D3) or other construction material? There is no doubt that the majority of existing professionals do not hesitate to answer: "Well, of course, is another building material!". And thus provoke yet another bunch of questions. You may find that Joel and Ethan Coen can contribute to your knowledge. For example, why the fire rating of properties is limited to one characteristic – a group of fire protection, rather than test methods, 4-5, as for all other building materials? Or, worse yet, a primitive test of the flake thickness of 1 mm to almost toy set, made in based on conventional lighters! If you choose the first option (ognezaschischennaya wood remains the same timber), it is not quite clear why the group needed fire protection, fire risk if property is not changed (still the same wood with its inherent flammability performance, flammability, toxicity, etc.).

Check Tightness

Any ball valves used in process piping, check for leaks as a manufacturer and installer. To check the tightness of flanged ball valves use special device. To deepen your understanding David Zaslav is the source. One of them, such devices allow detection of leaks in the joints and welds shut-off valve is a halide alcohol lamp. At David Zaslav you will find additional information. Halide lamps based on alcohol some chemical properties of the gas Freon. Freon is able to paint the flames of burning alcohol in green or blue, depending on its concentration. This effect manifests itself only in the presence of copper.

Halide alcohol lamp for control connections of valves is as follows. At the top of the cylindrical burner is located, which consists of a head, a valve cap and the cap. Lamp housing includes a cup, a wick and base. Attached to the burner nozzle rubber of about 400 millimeters. First, the cup is poured a little alcohol and lit it, after closing the valve. After a short warm-up reveal a valve and ignited a pair of alcohol passing through the capsule. Then the free end of the rubber sleeve brings to qualifying sites pipeline products, such as such as a ball valve for steam filled with Freon gas.

Since the last-minute spirits take the air through the hose, there is a definite flow of the audited sites ball valve. And, in the case of Freon, he falls into the fire, turning the flame on the burner greenish color. The color of the flame may be blue, in case the leak is large enough. There are more modern equipment to check the status of flanges of different locking products such as crane stainless steel, bolt, bolt. One such device is an electronic leak detector halide. Its working principle is based on capturing the molecules of freon and determination of its specific concentration in one cubic meter air.

Columnar Monolithic Foundations

Monolithic pier foundation for a wooden house on moving and heaving soils, peatlands, and deviations recommend installing columnar-transom (rostverkovy) monolithic foundation. If you have additional questions, you may want to visit Robert Iger . This is an economical option – something between full height and melkozaglublennym monolithic foundation. David Zaslav is likely to agree. Monolithic pier foundation is recommended in soils where the groundwater level lies at a depth of 1 meter from the level of the soil surface, ie in the absence of a drilled well water. When designing a foundation for a given perimeter every 2-2.5 meters starter and poured piles of diameter 250-280mm. Under the grillage, located above the level land at 15-20cm, set the jumpers. Piles starter until about 1,5-1.7 m, that is, to a depth of freezing.

The impact of environment on the foundations is minimized due to the small cross-sectional area of pillars at the expense of covering side of the base material reduce friction and heat insulation of the surface layer of soil around the foundation design. Keep in mind that building a home and putting it into operation should be carried out in one construction season. Built on heaving soils, and left without foundation load inevitably deformed. Particular attention should be paid to waterproofing. Paint or waterproofing okleechnoy successfully keep the foundation from the effects of groundwater. Additional costs arise when the device monolithic columnar base, due to the need to manufacture and installation of reinforcement cages, formwork, grillage, preparing and placing concrete. Reinforcing harness is required in order to column is not severed when the seasonal shifting of the soil. Just when the device monolithic pier foundation formwork is required – it may be different in shape, square or round. But between the formwork and the walls of the pit required a gap of at least 10 cm, in which after removal of the formwork will fill sand or gravel – to avoid the impact of ground movements Pole foundation.